Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Investigatory Project “ Kaymito Leaves Decoction as Antiseptic Mouthwash ” Essay

Presentation 1.1 Problem Statement Breaks are predominant in normal and manufactured basic media, even in the best built materials. We discover cracks in bedrock, in sandstone springs and oil supplies, in earth layers and even in unconsolidated materials (Figures 1.1 to 1.4). Breaks are additionally regular in concrete, utilized either as a basic material or as a liner for capacity tanks (Figure 1.5). Earth liners utilized in landfills, slop and brackish water removal pits or for underground stockpiling tanks can break, discharging their fluid substance to the subsurface (Figure 1.6). Indeed, even â€Å"flexible† materials, for example, black-top break with time (Figure 1.7). The way that breaks are unavoidable has prompted burning through billions of research dollars to build â€Å"safe† long haul (10,000 years or more) stockpiling for elevated level atomic waste (Savage, 1995; IAEA, 1995), both to figure out which development methods are most drastically averse to bring about disappointment and what are the ramifications of a disappointment, as far as discharge to the earth and possible pollution of ground water sources or introduction of people to significant levels of radioactivity. For what reason do materials fizzle? By and large, the material is imperfect from its beginning. In crystalline materials, it might be the consideration of one distinctive particle or atom in the structure of the developing precious stone, or just the point of two gem planes. In depositional materials, diverse grain types and sizes might be set down, bringing about layering which at that point turns into the commencement plane for the break. Most materials fizzle due to mechanical worries, for instance the heaviness of the overburden, or hurling (Atkinson, 1989; Heard et al., 1972). Some mechanical anxieties are applied constantly2 until the material comes up short, others are conveyed in an unexpected occasion. Different reasons for disappointment are warm burdens, drying and wetting cycles and substance disintegration. After a material cracks, the two essences of the break might be dependent upon extra anxieties which either close or open the break, or may expose it to shear. Different materials may briefly or for all time store in the break, in part or thoroughly blocking it for ensuing liquid stream. The crack might be nearly closed for many years, yet in the event that the material gets presented to the surface or close to surface condition, the subsequent loss of overburden or enduring may permit the breaks to open. Now and again, we are really keen on presenting breaks in the subsurface, through pressure driven (Warpinski, 1991) or pneumatic cracking (Schuring et al), at least 1995 amazing methods, to expand liquid stream in oil repositories or at sullied destinations. Our specific concentration in this investigation is the job that breaks play in the development of contaminants in the subsurface. Water gracefully from broke bedrock springs is basic in the United States (Mutch and Scott, 1994). With expanding recurrence sullied broke springs are recognized (NRC, 1990). Much of the time, the wellspring of the pollution is a Non-Aqueous Phase Liquid (NAPL) which is either in pools or as leftover ganglia in the breaks of the permeable lattice. Disintegration of the NAPL may happen more than quite a few years, bringing about a developing tuft of broke down contaminants which is shipped through the cracked spring because of regular or forced pressure driven slopes. Breaks in aquitards may permit the leakage of contaminants, either broke up or in their own stage, into water sources. Liquid stream in the broke permeable media is of importance with regards to contaminant transport, yet in addition in the creation of oil from repositories, the age of steam for power from geothermal supplies, and the expectation of basic respectability or disappointment of huge geotechnical structures, for example, dams or establishments. Consequently, the aftereffects of this investigation have a wide scope of uses. The applied model of a commonplace contaminant spill into permeable media has been advanced by Abriola (1989), Mercer and Cohen (1990), Kueper and McWhorter (1991) and Parker et al. (1994). Now and again, the contaminant is broken up in water and thus3 goes in a cracked spring or aquitard as a solute. Cracks give a quick channel to broadly dispersing the contaminant all through the spring and furthermore bring about contaminant transport in to some degree capricious bearings, contingent upon the break planes that are met (Hsieh et al., 1985). All the more regularly a contaminant enters the subsurface as a fluid stage separate from the vaporous or watery stages present (Figure 1.8). The NAPL might be spilling from a harmed or rotting stockpiling vessel (for example in a gas station or a treatment facility) or a removal lake, or might be spilt during transport and use in an assembling procedure (for example during degreasing of metal parts, in the hardware business to clean semiconductors, or in a landing strip for cleaning plane motors). The NAPL ventures first through the unsaturated zone, under three-stage stream conditions, uprooting air and water. The varieties in network penetrability, because of the heterogeneity of the permeable medium, bring about extra deviations from vertical stream. In the event that the NAPL experiences layers of somewhat less penetrable materials (for example sediment or dirt focal points, or even firmly stuffed sand), or materials with littler pores and accordingly a higher hairlike section pressure (for example NAPL entering a tight, water-filled permeable medium), it will in general stream for the most part the even way until it experiences a way of less opposition, either increasingly porous or with bigger pores. Microfractures in the lattice are additionally significant in permitting the NAPL to course through these lowpermeability focal points. At the point when the NAPL arrives at the slim periphery, two situations may emerge. To begin with, if the NAPL is less thick than water (LNAPL, for example fuel, most hydrocarbons), at that point lightness powers will permit it to â€Å"float† on the water table. The NAPL first structures a little hill, which rapidly spreads on a level plane over the water table (Figure 1.9). At the point when the water table ascents due to energize of the spring, it uproots the NAPL pool upward, yet at that point the immersion of NAPL might be low to the point that it gets separated. Separated NAPL will for the most part not stream under two-stage (water and NAPL) conditions. Associated NAPL will go all over with the developments of the water table, being spread until gets separated. On the off chance that the water table goes over the disengaged NAPL, it will start to gradually break up. NAPL in the unsaturated zone will4 gradually volatilize. The paces of disintegration and volatilization are constrained by the progression of water or air, separately (Powers et al., 1991; Miller et al., 1990; Wilkins et al., 1995; Gierke et al, 1990). A crest of broke up NAPL will frame in the ground water, just as a crest of volatilized NAPL in the unsaturated zone. On the off chance that the NAPL is denser than water (DNAPL, for example chlorinated natural solvents, polychlorinated biphenyls, tars and creosotes), at that point once it arrives at the water table it starts to frame a hill and spread on a level plane until either there is sufficient mass to conquer the narrow passage pressure (DNAPL into a water soaked grid) or it finds a way of less opposition into the water-immersed framework, either a break or a progressively permeable/penetrable locale. Once in the soaked zone, the DNAPL voyages descending until it is possible that it arrives at a low enough immersion to get detached (framing drops or â€Å"ganglia†) and fixed, or it finds a low-porousness layer. On the off chance that the layer doesn't broaden exceptionally far, the DNAPL will stream on a level plane around it. By and large, the DNAPL arrives at bedrock (Figure 1.10). The stone for the most part contains breaks into which the DNAPL streams promptly, dislodging water. The hairlike passage pressure into most breaks is very low, on the request for a couple of centimeters of DNAPL head (Kueper and McWhorter, 1991). Stream into the cracks proceeds until either the break turns out to be exceptionally DNAPL immersed, or the crack is filled or shut underneath, or the DNAPL extends far enough to get disengaged. The DNAPL may stream into even cracks inside the break organize. Regarding remediation techniques, DNAPLs in cracked bedrock are likely one of the most unmanageable issues (National Research Council, 1994). They are a consistent wellspring of broke down contaminants for quite a long time or decades, making any siphoning or dynamic bioremediation elective a long haul and expensive suggestion. Exhuming down to the broke bedrock is over the top expensive by and large, and evacuation of the tainted bedrock much more so. Potential remediation choices for thought, incorporate dewatering the sullied zone by means of high-rate siphoning and afterward applying Soil Vapor Extraction to evacuate unpredictable DNAPLs, or applying steam to prepare and volatilize the DNAPL towards an assortment well. An extra alternative is to use5 surfactants, either to build the disintegration of DNAPL or to lessen its interfacial pressure and in this way remobilize it (Abdul et al., 1992). An issue with remobilizing by means of surfactants is the possibility to drive the DNAPLs further down in the spring or bedrock, confounding the evacuation. In the event that a viable remediation plot is to be built, for example, Soil Vapor Extraction, steam infusion or surfactant-improved disintegration or assembly, we have to see how DNAPLs move through breaks. Stream might be either as a solute in the fluid stage, as two separate stages (DNAPL-water) or as three stages (DNAPL, water and gas, either air or steam). Another inconvenience in any remediation plot, not tended to in this examination, is the manner by which to describe the break arrange. Which are the breaks that convey a large portion of the stream? What is their opening and bearing? What is the thickness of cracking in a specific medium? Are the cracks associated with different breaks, most likely in different planes? How can one example enough of the subsurface to g

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Effects of Diet in Diabetes Management Research Paper

Impacts of Diet in Diabetes Management - Research Paper Example Expanded load among diabetics encourages improvement of diabetes complexities. By and by, some have recommended that different weight control plans, for example, the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet and the veggie lover diet are powerful eating regimens for the administration of diabetes. In spite of this idea, the ADEA diet has demonstrated to be a profoundly powerful eating routine given that it considers the incorporation of different weight control plans including the veggie lover diet without restricting the admission of certain supplements, as it is the situation in a portion of different eating regimens. The successful control of diabetes is dictated by a variety of elements, the majority of which are heavily influenced by the diabetic person. Such control incorporates what they eat, the amount of it they eat, how regularly they screen their glucose levels, their degrees of physical exercises, and consistency and precision of drug dosing. To have a successful power over the glucose levels and glycated hemoglobin, an away from of how to keep up an appropriate harmony between physical action, food admission, and medicine must be built up. Different diabetes slims down have been proposed, including the American Diabetes Association (ADA) diet, the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet, and the Vegetarian diet, towards the board of the malady and related confusions. This paper analyzes these three eating regimens as far as their viability in the administration of diabetes. Diabetics are required to deal with a viable interchange of components identified with levels of glycated hemoglobin, cholesterol, and pulse in the body to limit the advancement of intricacies identified with the issue. Diet and physical action are the key factors that ought to be controlled towards the executives of diabetes (Nowlin, Hammer, and Melkus, 2012, p. 2). The American Diabetes Association created wholesome rules through dietary suggestions that

Sunday, July 26, 2020

Managing Social Anxiety Disorder at Work

Managing Social Anxiety Disorder at Work Social Anxiety Disorder Work and School Print Managing Social Anxiety Disorder at Work Social Anxiety Disorder Can Be a Real Issue in the Workplace By Arlin Cuncic Arlin Cuncic, MA, is the author of Therapy in Focus: What to Expect from CBT for Social Anxiety Disorder and 7 Weeks to Reduce Anxiety. Learn about our editorial policy Arlin Cuncic Updated on January 18, 2020 Social Anxiety Disorder Overview Symptoms & Diagnosis Causes Treatment Living With In Children Thomas Barwick/Stone/Getty Images Managing social anxiety disorder (SAD) at work involves recognizing the day-to-day impact of the disorder on your career and identifying solutions. Receiving a diagnosis and entering treatment is the first step toward managing your anxiety symptoms. Telling your employer may also help in that you may receive accommodations to help you better do your job. At the same time, people with SAD may face  specific problems in the workplace, including the inability to network effectively, fear of attending business social events, problems developing relationships with coworkers, lack of self-confidence, and difficulty speaking up in meetings. Bernardo Carducci, Ph.D., a psychology professor at Indiana University, head of the Shyness Research Institute, and author of Shyness: A Bold New Approach and The Pocket Guide to Making Successful Small Talk, argues that when shyness is properly managed, there is no limit to the achievement of shy people in the business world. Carducci points to the success of notably shy Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen, one of the world’s richest and most successful people, and also a shy person. While shyness is not the same as social anxiety disorder, ideas to help shy people adapt to the business world may also be useful for managing social anxiety in the workplaceâ€"particularly if you struggle with social skills. If you are in a competitive workplace and feel that your anxiety is interfering with your career advancement, or if you simply want to feel more comfortable in the workplace, it is worth investing  time in developing a comfort level with the social aspects of your work. Lets consider a number of these areas and how you might cope. Looking for Work If you are new to the workforce or looking for work after a long period of unemployment or time spent in the same job, the prospect of going on job interviews may be intimidating. Although job interviews can be more challenging for those with social anxiety disorder, proper preparation and use of coping strategies can help. For example, you could have a friend conduct a mock interview with you so that you get practice answering questions or engage in deep breathing to calm yourself about the entire process. Tips to Cope With Job Interview Anxiety Job Duties Some aspects of work itself can be challenging for those with social anxiety. For example, if you are in sales, you might find yourself needing to engage in  cold calling clients. You may need to give presentations or speeches as part of your role. It can feel doubly difficult to manage your anxiety when excellent social skills or the ability to perform under pressure are part of your job. However, if you choose a job that suits your interests and personalityâ€"anxiety is an issue that can be worked on. Social skills training (or even reading self-help books about social skills) or groups such as Toastmasters (for public speaking) might be good options to boost your performance at work. Coworkers Networking is an important part of being successful in your career. If you aren’t able to build relationships with the people that you work with, it will be much more difficult to advance at work. In addition, since you spend most of your waking hours at work, wouldn’t you like to have friends there? To become more comfortable with coworkers, constantly strive to expand your comfort zone. Engage in small talk with people whom you see throughout the day, such as in the lunchroom, in the elevator, or at the water cooler. Greet people with general comments or compliments and start brief conversations. Gradually, other people will see that you are the kind of person who is approachable and with whom conversation is easy. Its less important that you say the right thing, and more important that you just keep showing up and being present. People are generally more comfortable around others the more times that they see them. Spotlight Effect: Not Everyone Is Looking at You Speaking to Supervisors Speaking to your supervisor can be challenging if you live with social anxiety disorder. You might agonize over the smallest contact, such as needing to ask a question about your work or clarifying an issue. Unfortunately, avoiding your supervisor in this way can affect your job performance. If you find casually speaking with your supervisor anxiety provoking, see if you can make an appointment. Practice what you are going to say in advance so you have your ideas clear in your head (dont over-practice as this is a safety behavior and counter-productive). If you still find this hard, try communicating in a less threatening way, such as through e-mail. Or, always prepare a list of points when you go into a meeting. Your anxiety will be reduced because you can focus on your notes and you will also come across as more prepared. Finally, gradually work up to asking harder questions. Make a list of things you need to talk to your supervisor about, and then start with the one that feels least anxiety-provoking, such as asking for clarification on some aspect of your work. From there, you can work your way up to harder topics, such as asking for a raise or a promotion. Business Meetings If you feel uncomfortable in meetings, try arriving 10 to 15 minutes early so that you can meet people as they arrive. This is the opposite of what you probably  do now; you likely tend to show up late so that you don’t have to engage in small talk with others in the meeting. However, this will actually make you feel more isolated. During meetings, remember that others also may feel uncomfortable about speaking up. Likely about half the people in your meeting are also nervous about voicing their opinion. Usually, they will be relieved if you are the first to speak and will admire you for doing so. Finally, if you find your anxiety overwhelmingly uncomfortable during meetings, try examining the thoughts that you have while in a meeting. If you usually think, I am terrible in meetings. I always make a fool of myself, ask yourself whether that thought is helpful and realistic. Could you replace it with a more helpful thought? Try something like I am trying hard to do better in meetings or I think most people are okay with how I come across. Even if it feels uncomfortable at first, over time these positive affirmations will help to build your confidence. Tips for Coping With Anxiety in Work Meetings Business Social Functions Depending on your place of employment, there may a variety  of social functions that you are expected to attend: the company picnic, annual holiday party, retirement gatherings, business conferences, or business lunches. Make sure you have something to talk about on these occasions. Read the newspaper, visit an online news source, or read current magazines. In addition, avoid using alcohol to overcome your inhibitions. Often staying in a situation long enough will have the same effect on reducing your inhibitions as drinking alcohol. The next time you are at a social event, have flavored water instead and notice how your anxiety level decreases over time even when you are not drinking alcohol. A Word From Verywell If you continue to struggle with social anxiety at work, consider visiting a therapist who specializes in anxiety disorders. Social anxiety disorder is a mental illness that requires professional intervention for a full recovery.

Friday, May 22, 2020

Factors Affecting Why Are the Students Late in Going to...

Factors affecting why are the Students Late In going to the school in Colegio de las Hijas de Jesus An Action Research Presented to the Science Department of Colegio de las Hijas de Jesus Iloilo City In Partial Fulfillment Of the Requirements in Research II Chapter 1 Introduction Background of the Study June is the start of classes in the Colegio de las Hijas de Jesus Iloilo. Many students are getting ready for school. Everyday they do their home works and other paper works for school. Student’s attendance is also part of the education. Some students are late in going to school due to many reasons that are not understandable. When students come late in class, they disturb the flow of a lecture and discussion, disturb other†¦show more content†¦The parents of the students and the students will benefit too. The study will be conducted for 2 months. For the first four weeks, the researchers will start to interview the Yr. II – Justice. After it, the researchers will have a conclusion and the researchers will now give the information to the public. This research study doesn’t offer any treatments but help the teachers and to know the reasons of the students why are they late in going to the school. Chapter 2 Review of Related Literature Education is a process or the result of a process by which an individual acquires knowledge, skills, attitudes, and insights. Education includes the development of cognitive (intellectual), affecting (attitudes and values), and psychomotor (sensory-motor) skills and abilities -Encyclopedia Americana Education is a necessity and a right of a child when still young; it is also one of the keys why people can easily reach their goals. Education is one of the most valued milestones of human beings that is still being improved in our modern time. In school there are many problems and challenges that the student needs to surpass in their days in school. One of the problems of students is being tardy, Tardiness can affect the students in many ways, According to the studies conducted by the US Department of Education of Truancy that is connected to

Friday, May 8, 2020

Childrens Literature Midterm Essay - 785 Words

Childhood Lit Red answers are incorrect 1. Myths are traditional literature that answer questions about natural phenomena as acts of deities 2. The STW (see, think, wonder) strategy helps children develop visual literacy 3. Which subcategory of fairy tales most frequently uses animals as characters? Trickster tales 4. Which category of traditional literature is also considered poetry? Ballads 5. Which book was the FIRST significant fantasy novel ever published? Black Beauty 6. Tall tales originated in the U.S. 7. Type IV animal fantasy (told though animals’ viewpoint) will always have: real world setting 8. The Caldecott medal is awarded annually to: illustrator///United States 9. Which story is a classic example of an enchanted†¦show more content†¦The best book to use for Readers Theater would have minimal characters 24. In the omniscient point of the view, the narrator is an all-knowing and all-seeing voice 25. High fantasy stories always involve a secondary world setting 26. Which of the following is NOT legal in public schools? Using the bible for religious instruction 27. Who of the following author/illustrators is noted for publishing Asian traditional literature? Ed Young 28. The goal of merchandise book is to sell merchandise such as movie tickets 29. The major distinguishing characteristic between traditional literature and modern fantasy is that modern fantasy never has a historical setting 30. Hans Christian Andersen is considered father of modern fantasy 31. The original purpose of fables was to teach lessons about behavior 32. Which is the best activity to outline a story’s plot? Story map 33. J.R.R Tolkein authored the Lord of the Rings trilogy 34. The nursery rhyme â€Å"Goosey, Goosey, gander† was used in the textbook as an example of violence in traditional literature 35. Literary works in the public domain are not found on the internet protected by copyright 36. The relative size of objects in art is achieved through visual scale 37. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Reflective Statement Free Essays

Introduction This project involved creating a strategic report covering all aspects of the operation of the Walt Disney Group. The report entailed drawing on a relatively broad analysis of the workings of the Walt Disney Group, with each member of the team contributing certain parts of the report, before then coming together to undertake an overall analysis. This reflective statement looks at how I personally worked within the team and any areas that I feel I could improve upon, in the future. We will write a custom essay sample on Reflective Statement or any similar topic only for you Order Now The reflective statement will also describe the way in which I worked within the team to assist others and how we dealt with any conflicts which occurred, during the length of the project. Individual Contribution I was personally responsible for specific aspects of the actual research and for writing up the project. At the outset, we sat down with the team to allocate certain areas of work, with a view to meeting regularly to combine our findings and to ensure that the report, as a whole, read as if it were one voice. As the project involved some form of strategic analysis, I was particularly concerned that if each individual simply worked on their own section, it would not come together as a sensible whole (Forsyth, 2009). I personally felt that I took the lead, when it came to communicating amongst the team and also when ensuring that we met up regularly to discuss progress. I myself as one of the other team members took the lead in arranging these meetings. Whilst this was successful, initially, we soon found that other members of the team were not responding to the suggestion of meetings and were not sending their own work in good time, thus creating difficulties amongst the team and also making it harder for me as an individual to complete my element of the project (Boud Walker 1993) If I were to undertake the project again, I would ensure that, from the outset, much greater emphasis was placed on setting out the full scope of each individual’s work assignment, as it quickly became apparent that each individual within the team was relying on others to undertake their part of the report. Therefore, when one individual was failing to keep pace with the rest of the team, this created a much greater problem than simply one person not â€Å"pulling their weight†. As a relatively strong individual, I would personally put myself forward as more of a co-ordinator, at the outset, to ensure that this lack of cohesion did not happen in future (Jarboe Witteman, 1996). When we encountered difficulties at the end of the project, with one individual not being available in the few days prior to the deadline, I took on another section of the writing in order to ensure that we were then able to meet the deadline, something which put me under increased personal pressure. Based on the problems that we were having, at that point in time, it was the only reasonable solution available; however, better team management, at an earlier stage when it became apparent that some individuals were not going to make the deadline would have prevented such a high level of personal pressure and this additional workload could then have been spread more evenly. Working with Others and Resolving Conflicts As noted above, it became apparent, as the project progressed, that there were certain key individuals within the team who were becoming increasingly unresponsive to setting up meeting times and were not presenting their work when requested. This could have put the entire project in jeopardy and was exacerbated when one individual was not available at all, in the few days prior to the deadline. The fact that some of the key individuals were not responding to requests for meetings or submitting their work on-time became apparent midway through the project. Yet, action was not positively taken by myself and the other organising team members who were still responding until just a few days before the deadline (Coleman, 2011). Effectively, our approach to dealing with this matter was to ignore it and simply continue with our own activities, something which potentially jeopardised the project in its entirety. With a project of this nature, merely ignoring conflict was not an option. Furthermore, although regular negotiations were attempted by suggesting meeting times, communication between team members had already broken down. In reality, this conflict could have been resolved, at the outset, before any difficulties emerged, by setting out a team leader who was going to be responsible for keeping everybody on track and ensuring that the meetings took place as arranged. As soon as it became apparent that the timeframe for the project was not being kept, the appointed team leader could then have taken a more aggressive stance to ensure that such failings did not jeopardise the overall project. It was arguably this failure that was instrumental in creating a last-minute panic and rush. Individual Improvement for the Future Bearing all of this in mind, I feel that my own areas for improvement, in the future would be to take a much more active stance, in terms of project management, from the outset (Schon 1996). I would also ensure that all team members complied with the timeframes set out. I became personally aware that there were difficulties with communication and timeframe, at a relatively early stage, yet I largely chose to ignore this in the hope that matters would improve of their own accord. This approach led to me personally being put under considerable pressure, towards the end of the project and, as such, my own individual performance was not as good as it could have been, particularly with the last section of the project being rushed, over a period of 2 to 3 days. I therefore feel that I could have improved my own personal performance by taking a much more active role in project management. This would enable me to ensure that each individual was working within the timeframe and I was not requ ired to rush during the last few days of the project, potentially sacrificing the quality of the work. References Boud D Walker D (1993) Barriers to Reflection on Experience. In Boud D,. Cohen R Walker D. Using Experience for Learning. Buckingham: Society for Research into Higher Education Open University Press. Coleman, P (2011). The Five Percent: Finding Solutions to Seemingly Impossible Conflicts. Public Affairs. New York, p.26 Forsyth, D. R. (2009). Group dynamics (5th ed.). Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole. Jarboe, S. C., Witteman, H. R. (1996). Intragroup conflict management in task-oriented groups: The influence of problem sources and problem analysis. Small Group Research, 27, 316–338. Schon D. (1996). From Technical Rationality to Reflection in Action, In: Edwards, R., Hanson, A., and P Raggatt (eds) Boundaries of Adult Learning, London, Routledge. How to cite Reflective Statement, Essay examples

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Macbeth Tragedy Or Satire Essays (1935 words) -

Macbeth: Tragedy or Satire? Macbeth: Tragedy or Satire? William Shakespeare wrote four great tragedies, the last of which was written in 1606 and titled Macbeth. This "tragedy", as it is considered by societal critics of yesterday's literary world, scrutinizes the evil dimension of conflict, offering a dark and gloomy atmosphere of a world dominated by the powers ofdarkness. Macbeth, more so than any of Shakespeare's other tragic protagonists, has to face the powers and decide: should he succumb or should he resist? Macbeth understands the reasons for resisting evil and yet he proceeds with a disastrous plan, instigated by the prophecies of the three Weird Sisters. Thus we must ask the question: If Macbeth is acting on the impulses stimulated by the prophecies of his fate, is this Shakespearean work of art really a Tragedy? Aristotle, one of the greatest men in the history of human thought, interpreted Tragedy as a genre aimed to present a heightened and harmonious imitation of nature, and, in particular, those aspects of nature that touch most closely upon human life. This I think Macbeth attains. However, Aristotle adds a few conditions. According to Aristotle, a tragedy must have six parts: plot, character, diction, thought, spectacle, and song. Most important is the plot, the structure of the incidents. Tragedy is not an imitation of men, but of action and life. It is by men's actions that they acquire happiness or sadness. Aristotle stated, in response to Plato, that tragedy produces a healthful effect on the human character through a katharsis, a "proper purgation" of "pity and terror." A successful tragedy, then, exploits and appeals at the start to two basic emotions: fear and pity. Tragedy deals with the element of evil, with what we least want and most fear to face, and with what is destructive to human life and values. It also draws out our ability to sympathize with the tragic character, feeling some of the impact of the evil ourselves. Does Macbeth succeed at this level? Can the reader feel pity and terror for Macbeth? Or does the reader feel that Macbeth himself is merely a branch from the root of all evil and not the poor, forsaken, fate-sunken man, according to Aristotle's idea of tragedy, he is supposed to portray? Can the reader"purge" his emotions of pity and fear by placing himself in the chains of fate Macbeth has been imprisoned in? Or does he feel the power and greed upon which Macbeth thrives, prospers, and finally falls? I believe the latter is the more likely reaction, and that the reader sees Macbeth as a bad guy, feeling little or no pity for him. Aristotle also insists that the main character of a tragedy must have a "tragic flaw." Most tragedies fail, according to Aristotle, due to the rendering of character. To allow the character to simply be a victim of unpredictable and undeserved calamities would violate the complete, self- contained unity of action in the tragedy. If that is so, and if we assume that the group of three witches is a realistic possibility, then is not Macbeth such a victim? Does he really deserve the misfortune that is brought him by his fortune? After all, Macbeth is introduced to the reader as an honest and humble leader. His fate, once having been revealed to him, drives him to greed, elevates his lust for power, and coins a conceited and misguided trust in his seemingly eternal mortality. Diction, the expression of the meaning in words, is near perfect in Macbeth, simply because it is written by William Shakespeare, the inventor of perfect diction. Thought--the task of saying what is possible and pertinent in the circumstances of the play--can not be disputed. Spectacle and Song are the effects that highlight the play, and are pertinent in providing an emotional attraction. Such elements are easily found in Shakespeare. Macbeth is written with the style and grace that only Shakespeare could provide. Thus, these elements of tragic drama can not be challenged in this argument. While we need to consider that Macbeth strives on power, and in doing so loses his values of humility and humanity, it should not be forgotten that Macbeth does, at certain times, feel remorse for things he has done. In Act 2, Scene 2, Macbeth confides in Lady Macbeth after the murder of Duncan: But wherefore could not I pronounce "Amen"? I had most need of blessing, and "Amen" Stuck in my throat. and: Methought I heard a voice cry "Sleep no more! Macbeth does murder sleep," the innocent sleep, Sleep that knits up the raveled sleave of